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ALMA Observes Most Distant Oxygen Ever

By e-EPS. Published on 28 July 2016 in:
July 2016, News, , , ,

A team of astronomers has used the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to detect glowing oxygen in a distant galaxy seen just 700 million years after the Big Bang. This is the most distant galaxy in which oxygen has ever been unambiguously detected, and it is most likely being ionised by powerful radiation from young giant stars. This galaxy could be an example of one type of source responsible for cosmic reionisation in the early history of the Universe.

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 International 

Editorial – The wave of the century

By Eugenio Coccia. Published on 22 March 2016 in:
March 2016, , , ,

With the announcement, on 11 February 2016, of the first detection ever of a gravitational wave by the LIGO and Virgo Collaborations, a New Astronomy, based on listening to the space-time vibrations, was born.

This long-awaited wave, 100 years after the theoretical prediction by Albert Einstein and 50 years after the first experimental efforts, arrived on Earth on 14 September 2015 and was finally perceived by humans with very smart “microphones”.

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 Editorial 

GalileoMobile: sharing astronomy in rural areas

By María Dasí Espuig. Published on 27 January 2015 in:
2015, January 2015, News, ,

Astronomy is a powerful and inspiring tool that can be used to motivate children to learn more about the world beyond their immediate neighbourhood, to encourage critical thinking, and engage them in different scientific disciplines. Although in our modern world there are many outreach programmes that bring astronomy to the classroom, most of them act in cities and rely heavily on internet connections. Thus, pupils and teachers in rural and remote areas rarely benefit from such efforts, making it difficult to know about modern space missions and world interpretations based on modern astronomy.

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 International 

Touchdown! Rosetta’s Philae probe lands on comet

By e-EPS. Published on 27 November 2014 in:
News, November 2014, , , , ,

Rosetta is a space probe of the European Space Agency [ESA] to study the comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko. It is a joint mission with contributions from its Member States and NASA. Rosetta’s Philae lander was built by a consortium led by the Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), the Max Planck Society (MPG), the Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES) and the Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI). It is the first mission in history to rendezvous with a comet. It is escorting the comet as they orbit the Sun together, and has deployed a lander to its surface. Comets are time capsules containing primitive material left over from the time when the Sun and its planets formed. By studying the …

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E-ELT gets off the ground

By Bénédicte Huchet. Published on 25 August 2014 in:
August 2014, News, , , , ,

On June 2014, an explosion disturbed the silence of the Acatama Desert in Chile. Part of the 3000-metre peak of Cerro Armazones was blasted away in order to prepare a level platform that will host ESO’s European Extremely Large Telescope [E-ELT], the largest optical/infrared telescope in the world.
The Atacama Desert is one of the favourite places for astronomers because of its exceptional conditions: the extremely arid mountain region, that is far away from any source of light pollution, offers a clear sky most of the time. This environment, chosen as the location for the future E-ELT, will also present new…

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Rosetta has arrived at the comet

By Bénédicte Huchet. Published on 25 August 2014 in:
August 2014, , , , ,

“We are delighted to announce finally ‘we are here’,” says Jean-Jacques Dordain, ESA’s Director General. After 10 years of travelling through the solar system, the ESA’ Rosetta spacecraft began its manoeuvre to orbit the Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko on 6 August 2014. The first images of the Rosetta’s rendezvous with the comet were presented during an event held at ESA’s Space Operations Centre, ESOC, in Darmstadt, Germany, on the same day.
Named after the Rosetta Stone, which was discovered in 1822 and whose engravings have helped to understand hieroglyphs, the Rosetta spacecraft was launched in 2004. The trajectory to reach…

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 News from Europe 

NPA VII

By Bénédicte Huchet. Published on 25 August 2014 in:
2015, August 2014, Events, January 2015, March 2015, November 2014, October 2014, , , ,

The Nuclear Physics in Astronomy VII conference [NPA VII] will be held in York, United-Kingdom, from 18-22 May 2015.
NPA VII is the 7th edition of a series of conferences held every 2 years, organised by the EPS Nuclear Physics Division. The 2015 conference will bring together experts from different backgrounds: nuclear physicists, astronomers, cosmo-chemists, etc. They will discuss all topics related to astrophysics including the Big Bang, the latest observation and …

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 Events 

The Fabra Observatory

By Ramon Pascual. Published on 26 May 2014 in:
May 2014, News, , , , ,

The Fabra Observatory in Barcelona, Spain was recognised as an EPS Historic Site during a specific event held on 9 May 2014.

Since 1904 the Fabra Observatory is one of the characteristics of the skyline of Barcelona. It was built by the Royal Academy of Sciences and Arts of Barcelona – which 2014 commemorates its 250th anniversary – under the direction of two academicians, Eduard Fontserè (meteorologist) and Josep Comas i Solà (astronomer) with the sponsorship of…

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 News from the EPS 

2014 Tycho Brahe Prize awarded to A. Labeyrie

By Bénédicte Huchet. Published on 28 April 2014 in:
April 2014, Awards, , , , ,

The European Astronomical Society awards its 2014 Tycho Brahe Prize to Antoine Labeyrie in recognition of his outstanding contributions to modern optical imaging at high angular resolution. Since 2007, the Tycho Brahe Prize is awarded annually in acknowledgment of the development or exploitation of European instruments or major discoveries based largely on such instruments.
Having invented holographic gratings, Antoine Labeyrie proposed the technique of speckle interferometry, which allowed reaching the diffraction limit of telescopes especially the largest ones. Then, he was the first…

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 News from Europe 

Everybody wants to see the sky

By Roman Romanik, Oleh Matveyev. Published on 27 February 2014 in:
February 2014, News, , , ,

A modern person is bonded tightly to the different types of screen, starting from a smartphone to a cinema screen. Especially, young people are affected in this way. Frequently, they search and watch the beauty of the Nature on the laptop while the amazing physical phenomena surround us everywhere. The simplest example is the stellar sky that attracts human sees around the Globe during the centuries. These thoughts and ideas have inspired the EPS Lviv Young Minds section members to let anyone and particularly young and kids get more comprehension about celestial objects by the practical experience in the Astronomical Observatory…

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 News from the EPS 

Train teachers in the scope of the Galileo Programme

By Bénédicte Huchet. Published on 26 July 2013 in:
July 2013, News, , , , ,

The Galileo teacher-training programme invites the scientific and education communities to join their efforts and run workshops addressed to teachers in 2014.

Science curricula in schools evolve as the forefront of knowledge is pushed forward. Therefore teachers have to meet scientists and teacher trainers to update their understanding and practices.

The Galileo teacher-training programme encourages workshops with emphasis on both knowledge and…

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 News from Europe 

ALMA, an international partnership to discover space

By Bénédicte Huchet. Published on 29 April 2013 in:
April 2013, Information, News, , ,

After 10 years of construction the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array [ALMA] based in Chile was inaugurated on 13 March 2013. The ceremony marks the completion of all the major systems of the giant telescope and the formal transition from a construction project to a fully-fledged observatory.
ALMA is funded by an international partnership comprised of the European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere [ESO], by the U.S. National Science Foundation [NSF] and by the National Institutes of Natural Sciences [NINS] of Japan…

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