A team of astronomers has used the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to detect glowing oxygen in a distant galaxy seen just 700 million years after the Big Bang. This is the most distant galaxy in which oxygen has ever been unambiguously detected, and it is most likely being ionised by powerful radiation from young giant stars. This galaxy could be an example of one type of source responsible for cosmic reionisation in the early history of the Universe.
The UFFO (Ultra-Fast Flash Observatory) Pathfinder for gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), and the TUS (Transient Ultraviolet Setup) telescope for ultrahigh energy cosmic rays, were launched onboard the Lomonosov satellite at 11:00 a.m., April 28, 2016, by the Soyuz-2.1a rocket, which first launched from the Vostochny Cosmodrome.
On 28 January 2016, scientists of the KM3NeT Collaboration have publicly announced KM3NeT 2.0, their ambition for the immediate future to further exploit the clear waters of the deep Mediterranean Sea for the detection of cosmic and atmospheric neutrinos. The published Letter of Intent details the science performance as well as the technical design of the KM3NeT 2.0 infrastructure.
In December 2015, scientists and engineers started the installation of KM3NeT.. Once completed, it will be the largest neutrino detector in the Northern Hemisphere. Located in the depths of the Mediterranean Sea, the telescope will be used to study the fundamental properties of neutrinos and map the high-energy cosmic neutrinos emanating from extreme cataclysmic events in the Universe.